2014 Buckeye EA Linguistics Forum A Great Success
On a gorgeous sunny day of the 24th October, 2014, over 70 people gathered at the Mershon Center on The Ohio State University campus in Columbus, Ohio, to participate in a very successful inaugural event, the 2014 Buckeye East Asian Linguistics (BEAL) Forum. Throughout this one-day event, the attendees engaged in lively discussions with presenters on a wide range of topics related to East Asian Linguistics (full text)
Mark Bender, Chair of DEALL, gave papers at two events on epic poetry in Beijing China the week of November 12-15, 2014. His first paper, dealing with Chinese ethnic minority epic, was entitled, "Strategies for Supporting References to Folk Material Culture and Imagery of the Environment in Yi and Miao Epics." It was presented at The 6th IEL (Institute of Ethnic Literature) International Seminar on Epic studies and Oral Tradition Research, which is a workshop involving young folklore scholars from all over China, sponsored by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The paper stressed the need to create digital image banks of all aspects of material culture and the environment mentioned in and associated with epics and other folk literature. The second, which was an exploration of oral-connected literature and cultural remembering, compared aspects of a recent tri-lingual version of oral epics of the Hmong/Miao of Guizhou, China with Potawatomi writer Simon Pokagon's bilingual Queen of the Woods. The paper was titled "Monument and Memorial: The Case of a Miao Epic from Southeastern Guizhou," and discussed how oral-connected literatures are utilized as cultural monuments to languages and oral traditions perceived as threatened. It was presented at The CASS (Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (2014-Literature) Epic Tradition in Modern Society Conference. Other papers presented by well-known scholars from a host of countries covered epics and oral narratives from these groups: Mongolian, Tibetan, Indian, Turkish, Armenian, Persian, Uygur, Moluccan Exhile Community in the Netherlands, Yi, Kirgiz, and "Modern European Societies." The event was co-organized by the International Society for Epic Studies (ISES), founded in 2012. Epic poetry is a living tradition in China's borderlands and other areas of Asia. These conferences are excellent examples of how China (in this case, the Ethnic Literature Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences), is stepping up to host international conferences on themes related to folklore and folk literature. Bender also presented a paper entitled "Young Adults and the Folklore Transmission Process in Contemporary China," at the American Folklore Society annual Meeting in Santa Fe, November 7, 2014.
DEALL Grad Students in Chinese Literature Publish Translations of Chinese Ethnic Minority Poetry
Students in a recently offered DEALL graduate level course entitled “Ethnic Literature in China” worked with Prof. Mark Bender to translate and publish a ground-breaking collection of poems by contemporary ethnic minority poets writing in China today. Entitled “A Suite of Poems from the Borderlands” the feature appeared in the latest issue of Chinese Literature Today (Vol. 4, No. 1), a cutting edge journal devoted to contemporary Chinese writing published by University of Oklahoma Press. The translated poems were composed by Aku Wuwu, Altai, Asu Yue’er, Baoyinhexige, Burao Yilu, Mushasijia Eni, Lu Juan, the late Ma Deqing, Mo Du, Qiangrenliu, Sha Ma, and Yangzi, who are poets of the Yi, Mongol, Hani, Wa, and Qiang ethnic minority groups who populate China’s vast borderlands. As is typical of most minority poets in China today, all of the poems (with one exception) were written in Standard Chinese. The translators included Mark Bender, Lulei Su, Alexandra Draggeim, Jia Shi, Sheng Qu, and Wenyuan Shao.
"I chose Ohio State because it was close to home, but it enabled me to reach further in distance and aptitude. After studying one year of Chinese at Ohio State, my instructors recommended me to participate in an elementary study abroad program in Qingdao. I participated in the Chinese Flagship Program's study abroad portion which included both language-focused classes as well as normal Chinese graduate course study where we were allowed to choose which subjects we wanted to study. I also participated in several internship programs arranged by Ohio State, the most memorable of which was my volunteering with the Qingdao Olympic Committee for the sailing portion of the 2008 Olympic Games in Qingdao."(full text)
Never too Late to Study Chinese
Ten years ago, Karen Mancl, Professor Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering enrolled in Chinese 101, attending classes everyday with a group of undergraduates. Her hours of study and preparation began paying off just 2 years later when she made her first trip to China and was able to make short, technical presentations in Chinese. Being able to communicate in the culture made all the difference - doors kept opening! By gaining language skills, she is able to work in rural China where few people speak English. With the Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, she is now transferring environmental technology to rural China. In 2010 she graduated with an MA in East Asian Studies. Click for Full Text
A Successful China Gateway 2014 Study Abroad in Chengdu
The OSU China Gateway Study Abroad held its fourth successful study abroad trip to Chengdu, Sichuan province in May 2014. Thirteen OSU undergrads from a variety of majors accompanied DEALL Chair Mark Bender on the month-long trip in cooperation with Prof. Luo Qingchun (aka indigenous poet Aku Wuwu), Dean of the Yi Studies Institute of the Southwest University for Nationalities (SWUN). The focus of the program was ethnicity and the environment. Due to its mix of many ethnicities and local cultures as well as being a “bio-diversity hotspot” Sichuan province is an ideal location for the program. OSU students were paired with 13 SWUN students, all of whom were members of the Yi (Nuosu) ethnic minority group. The students attended lectures together on campus and took numerous field trips together to sites such as the ancient Dujiangyan Hydrolic engineering site, the Panda Breeding Research Center, the giant Leshan Buddha, and scenic Mt. Emei. One week was spent in the upland regions of southern Sichuan, where the students had cultural exchanges at the Chaojue County No. Middle School.
DEALL is pleased to announce the publishing of Studying in China: A Practical Handbook for Students, by DEALL lecturer Patrick McAloon, PhD. This book helps prepare students for their first trip to China by introducing the country and its people, different kinds of programs available, and how to get the most out of the experience, both as a traveler and as a student. Available from Amazon.com and from Foreign Language Publications in Hagerty Hall 198, this book is appropriate for students, their parents, and for group leaders also preparing for their first trip to China.
Mark Bender Lectures on Appalachian Culture in China and Seeks Poets in Myanmar (Burma)
DEALL Chair, Prof. Mark Bender, travelled to China and Myanmar (Burma) on a two week trip from July 24 to August 7, 2014. Bender’s first stop was Shanghai, China, where he gave lectures on Appalachian Material Culture in a symposium on folklore and material culture sponsored by East China Normal University. Bender was invited by Prof. Tian Yaoyuan and Prof. Wang Junxia (OSU visiting scholar, 2010). Bender gave nine hours of lectures on quilts, log cabins, Kentucky rifles, baskets, and other aspects of material culture in the Appalachian regions of Ohio and nearby regions in West Virginia and Kentucky. Over 50 folklore students (mostly young women grad students and junior faculty) from all over China were in attendance. The students were especially touched by the quilting traditions in Holmes County, Ohio.
After three days in Shanghai, Bender flew to Kunming, capital of Yunnan province in China’s southwest. He met briefly with several academics and poets, including Prof. Li Ying and Prof. Yue Ding in Yunnan University for Nationalities (Yunnan minzudaxue). He discussed with them plans for a book he is editing on poetry from China’s western borders, which will include contemporary poets from southwest China, Inner Mongolia, Mongolia, North East India, and Myanmar. The theme is that of poems reflecting contemporary ecological and social changes in the region.
The next day Bender flew into Mandalay, the second largest city in Myanmar, located on the Irawaddy River plain. Bender’s main goal in visiting Mandalay was to meet with local Burmese poets and generate interest in his book project. With the help of kokothett, a Burmese poet residing in Europe, Bender met four poets in Mandalay, including the “kingpin” of the younger local poets, Min NadiKha. Taking tea in a sprawling open air canteen, Bender and the poets discussed the book project and how the Burmese poets might contribute. Another objective of the trip was to soak up as much local culture as time permitted, as a basis for understanding the regional poetry.
Bender’s small hotel (with a wonderful staff) was located at one corner of the gigantic imperial palace, built in the mid-19th century, which is surrounded by a huge moat a mile long on each side. The palace lies beneath the Buddhist temples on Mandalay Hill, from which one can view mountains to the east and the expansive river plain to the west, dotted with golden spired temples. At the base of the hill lies a stunning collection of over 1,700 stone tablets with the Buddhist sutras inscribed in Pali script, each ensconced in an individual white stupa. Near the gate of Bender’s hotel was the Mandalay Marionette Theater, which is devoted to the preservation of Burmese puppet art. Bender spent four evenings in the theater, observing the show and talking with puppeteers. The show consisted of a set of representative performances from traditional stories rich in local folk lore and featuring royalty, imperial messengers, court dancers, a wild alchemist, jungle animals, and the local guardian spirits, the nats. One scene featured a puppet dancing with a human acting as a puppet. This material will be incorporated into Bender’s courses on Asian performance traditions.
Two days were also spent on a trip into the Shan State, populated by the Shan ethnic minority group (which has populations in southwest China, called the Dai, and in Thailand). The curving roads led up to the town of Hsi-paw, where Bender spent three days examining the local material culture, traditional markets, and a Buddhist monastery for boys accessed by boat and a trekthrough upland corn fields. On the ride back down to Mandalay, Bender’s driver took him to a natural spring which is the site for festive public bathing. Back in the plain, they visited sites on banks of the Irawaddy River and the longest teak footbridge in the world. A highlight was a visit to the Nat Festival, in which thousands of worshippers crowded a small temple to present likenesses of two ancient brothers with offerings of coconuts and bananas, and seek advice from female mediums. The accompanying labyrinth of stalls sold traditional sticky candy, modern and traditional clothing (including the sarong-like longyi), yellow thanaka cosmetic paste made from tree bark which many Burmese women apply to their cheeks as a skin nurturing sun-block, piles of handwoven baskets, and a wide variety of fruit and flowers.
On the return trip through Shanghai, Bender met with Phoebe You and Ruth Lu of the China Gateway Office to discuss future projects in China.
DEALL Ph.D. candidate awarded CCKF doctoral fellowship
DEALL Ph.D. candidate Qiong Yang was awarded a doctoral fellowship from the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation in the amount of $15,000 to support the writing of her dissertation, "Mr. Science Goes Popular: Science as Imagined in Chinese Literature and Culture, 1903-1997."
Nine DEALL/China Flagship students receive scholarships to study in China
Eight graduate students and one undergraduate have been awarded scholarships valued at approximately $25,000 each, to study in China. All seven DEALL China Flagship Program graduate students will receive full tuition, living stipend, medical insurance and housing accommodations to study in their areas of interest at top Chinese universities: William (Mac) Carr, Tsinghua University (Beijing), economics and management; Briun Greene, Peking University, business management; Tina Li, Sun Yat-Sen University (Guangzhou), marketing; Mack Lorden, Zhejiang University (Hangzhou), tea; Cassandra Olsen, Peking University, international relations; Nicholas Pochedly, Peking University, business management; Joel Poncz, Sun Yat-Sen University, environmental studies. Read more about the program in the latest edition of ASCENT. Two additional students awarded scholarships to study in China: graduate student Alexandra Draggeim, Shanghai International Studies University, interpretation and translation; and undergraduate Vycheslav Dade, Fudan University, Chinese language.
Chinese New Year Paintings on Display in Hagerty Foyer
New Year Paintings (nian hua) are the most popular folk art used during the traditional Chinese Spring Festival (Chun jie), which takes place on the first day of the first month of the Lunar Calendar and lasts until mid-month, culminating in the Lantern Festival (Yuanxiao jie). During the Lunar New Year, every household will buy a few paintings. From the front door to private rooms, all are covered with these symbols of wealth and good fortune so as to create a warm, festive, and joyous atmosphere.
Ancient China was an agricultural country. From the time of the harvests and into the New Year, people wished to express their thanks to ancestors and gods in order to receive their blessings. Everyone hopes to lead a happy life of peace and prosperity. In the past, disasters and shortages were attributed to demons and ghosts. New Year Painting was one sort of protection against these negative forces. The earliest such paintings are of “door gods” (men shen) named Shen Tu and Yu Lei (figures in from early Chinese myths) whose pictures were placed on front doors to protect the home. Thereafter, numerous other motifs were developed over time.
As a form of visual folk art, the paintings have developed under the influences of many generations and locales. Besides their ritual purpose, the paintings also function as artistic decorations during the Spring Festival. The themes reflected in the paintings are extremely broad, covering human activity, landscapes, flowers and birds, ancient historical stories, myths and legends, fiction, drama, children, and the all-encompassing realities of life. Once placed on the doors and walls of the home, the paintings remain in place until the arrival of the next New Year.
The New Year Paintings in this exhibit come from important centers of production of the folk paintings in northern China. Some were made in the village of Yangjiabu, Weifang city, Shandong province, and others are from the village of Zhuxianzhen, Kaifeng city, Henan province. Other important centers of New Year painting production are Yangliuqing near the city of Tianjin, and the Taohuawu region in Jiangsu province, China.
All information in the exhibit was collected by Dr. Ji Jun of the Anyang Normal University, Henan Province, People’s Republic of China. Dr. Ji is presently a visiting scholar at OSU, invited by the OSU Center for Folklore Studies and the Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures).
“Chinese folk art paintings is a unique art system is Chinese folk precious intangible cultural relics. To some extent, the history of life, beliefs and customs of Chinese society among all concentrated in a small New Year painting.” (Exhibit coordinator, Dr. Ji Jun.)
Dr. Mark Bender of DEALL and Dr. Abhijit Varde of the Hagerty Multi-media Lab aided in producing the exhibit.
Chris Lee Korean Performance Research Fund established
Dr. Chris Lee of Columbus Ohio has donated a generous gift for the establishment of a fund for the creation of an OSU Korean Performance Program in DEALL. Dr. Lee studied medicine at Yonsei University Medical College in Seoul Korea and pursued his career as a Radiologist at Grant Medical Center, Columbus Ohio from 1970 to 2004, then at Ohio State University School of Medicine from 2004 to 2013. Dr. Lee has a profound interest in both traditional and contemporary performance traditions in Korea and Korean communities abroad. Inspired by DEALL Prof. Chan Park’s work in promoting Korean culture through research and practice of Korean traditional performance, Dr. Lee has donated funds that will contribute specifically to the building of a program for teaching and staging of Korean cultural performances, interdisciplinary/transnational research, and scholarly exchanges. As a token of appreciation for his gift, on December 4, 2013, Prof. Mark Bender (DEALL Chair) invited Dr. Lee for lunch at the OSU Faculty Club, accompanied by Prof. Chan Park and Prof. Etsuyo Yuasa (Chair of OSU East Asian Study Center). Korean cultural performances, both traditional and contemporary, have been garnering worldwide attention in recent years along with the Korean Wave. Samulnori folk music and drumming, Pansori style storytelling, the Wonder Girls, and PSY reflect the exciting range of Korean performance.
Kristin Krzic is a 2013 OSU grad and member of the International Affairs Scholars Program and Mortar Board Honor Society. She interned at the Institute of International Education promoting Fulbright programs. Majoring in International Studies and Korean, she was awarded the 2012 DEALL Korean Studies Award. Presently, she works in International Admissions at OSU. Sponsored by the Korea FoundationShe had a visit to South Korea in October 2013.Read her story below, or download the story with lots of pictures.:
"Most Americans are familiar with the Republic of Korea through either K-pop music, the North-South political issues or the spicy, delicious cuisine. But for me, my awareness and interest grew through Korea’s association with the U.S. Peace Corps. My dad, a Returned Peace Corps Volunteer (RPCV), served in Korea in the late 1970’s and I grew up looking at pictures of Korea from that time period.
This past October, I had the honor to continue learning about life on the peninsula through a RPCV Revisit Program to Korea sponsored by the Korea Foundation. From October 13 to October 18, fifty-five RPCVs and family members were hosted by the Foundation to reconnect with life in Korea. It was an unforgettable visit that allowed me to see different generations of Koreans and Americans sharing memories and new experiences together.
Peace Corps was in Korea from 1966 to 1981 and many of the RPCVs had not been back to Korea since that time. In fact, a few of the Revisit members were in the first group of Volunteers who came to Korea in 1966! At that time Korea’s Per Capita Gross National Income (GNI) was about $254; by 2010 it was about $21,000. The RPCVs marveled at the changes that had occurred in Korea since their time of service.
The highlights of the week were receptions hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT), visits to the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) – Korea’s version of Peace Corps, overnight site visits to the RPCVs’ former schools and health clinics, oral interviews of the RPCVs at the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, and an afternoon visit to the Korean National Assembly hosted by Speaker H.E. Kang Chang-Hee.
I enjoyed all of the activities. At KOICA, I had the opportunity to speak in front of the RPCVs and KOICA volunteers to describe know how my dad’s time in the Peace Corps has influenced my career decisions, especially my current job now working in International Admissions at OSU. I gave the speech in Korean, and although I was nervous at first, the warm welcome by the audience quickly made me feel relaxed. From my visit there, I learned that KOICA is modeled after the U.S. Peace Corps. The Korean government recognized how the assistance from the Peace Corps helped Koreans during a difficult time in their history and now was reciprocating by sending their volunteers to other countries. Many of the KOICA volunteers I talked to were getting ready to go to countries in South America and South Asia.
Each of the RPCVs had the opportunity to re-visit the schools or health clinics where they had served. These re-visits were the perfect opportunity for the volunteers to reconnect with their past students and colleagues. It was a walk down memory lane for the Americans and the Koreans. Many of the volunteers tried to find memorable spots in their former cities. My dad tried to find the boarding house where he used to lived as well as the old roads where he would walk to the school. He took pictures during this trip and matched them with his old photographs taken at the same location. The change was incredible. Instead of the old mud roads and low buildings, there are now concrete roads and tall skyscrapers. It is amazing to see how Korea has become a modern, advanced country in such a short period of time.
At the National Museum of Korean Contemporary History, I was able to participate in a ceremony celebrating the Memorandum of Understanding between the Museum and the Friends of Korea (FOK), the organization that the RPCVs have now formed. In this agreement, the FOK members will donate items to the Museum and work to collaborate on future conferences and presentations. The Museum staff also interviewed each RPCV about their time in Korea. These taped oral interviews will be a part of the Museum’s oral history collection.
During the revisit, I was able to meet one Ohio State University Alumnus – Russ Dynes. He had served as a tuberculosis control worker in a rural public health center in Cholla Buk Do from July 1972 to July 1974. His revisit trip to Korea this year was a great experience. He told me that during his revisit to his clinic he found that the personnel and facilities had changed. The clinic was now in a beautiful new facility. He also said that the staff welcomed him like a “lost son who had returned home.” Listening to him talk about his time in the Peace Corps in Korea, it was clear that it had a dramatic impact on his life. After Peace Corps, he continued working in health and human services and recently retired from the State of Delaware’s Division of Public Health.
By participating in this revisit, it was evident to me that the Koreans and Americans who came into contact through the Peace Corps shared warm feelings and appreciation for each other. The Korea Foundation went to extraordinary lengths to show their appreciation. The receptions not only allowed the RPCVs to meet old friends and colleagues but also to meet influential national figures such as National Assembly Speaker Kang, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lee Kyung-Soo, and Kathleen Stephens, former U.S. Ambassador to Korea. Many of the Korean hosts had been taught by Peace Corps Volunteers during the 1960s and 1970s. Ambassador Stephens had been a Volunteer in Korea in the 1970s.
It was touching to see the RPCVs and their Korean colleagues shed tears of happiness when they brought up past memories and met each other after so many years had passed. To me, it showed the strong and deep influence that Peace Corps had on people from both countries. The RPCVs through their organization “Friends of Korea,” plan to continue their association with Korea through initiatives such as the Museum Project. Since it is no longer possible for me to go to Korea as a PCV, I did the next best thing -- I became a member of Friends of Korea! If anyone wants to learn more about the revisit, I suggest going to the Friends of Korea website at friendsofkorea.net. You will be able to understand the warmth of the relationship between Korea and America that was established by the Peace Corps."